The Station Strangler and the Media <Pdf 11mb>
The Cape Talk radio interview with Anthony Molyneaux and Professor Colin Tredoux
Documentary soon to be released…Mid 2015
A video by Anthony Molyneaux and Jaco du Plessis
Ubuntu B-Boyz is a South African breakdancing group from Mitchell’s Plain. They received international acclaim when they were crowned world champions in 2006 in Germany.
The Ubuntu crew have opened for artists like 50 Cent, Snoop Dogg, Beyonce and Kanye West. They perform throughout South Africa, and have just recently performed at Rocking the Daisies festival near Cape Town.
Apart from commercial performances, they also take part in ‘dance battles’ and competitions against other break dancing groups around the world.
The word Ubuntu is an African concept meaning ‘I am because we are’.
Stellenbosch University has been plagued by questionable placement of ramps and road alterations for the disabled. Some say these resources have gone to waste.
Technology is changing the way disabled people function in our society and could lead to more efficient use of resources as well as a more fulfilled life.
Shot and edited by myself and Jaco du Plessis.
I made this video for my Post-Graduate magazine release
By Anthony Molyneaux
On the 17th of March 2014, scientists and radio astronomers made a spectacular breakthrough. The big bang made a giant leap toward unquestionable evidence of its existence, lending itself toward our existence. Radio astronomers detected ripples in the fabric of space-time. These ripples are called gravitational waves and show proof of a catastrophic event happening 13.8 billion years ago which created our universe.
Debates over the Earth’s age and how it was formed have undergone many changes over the past 200 years due to scientific discoveries and works by scientists. Questions of how long human beings have been on Earth and how we came about have also been discussed.
On the 24th November 1859, Charles Darwin’s book called “On the Origin of Species” was published. This publication spoke of natural selection and was the one of the biggest players in evolutionary biology.
People’s ideas of time and the universe have grossly changed since the mid-19th century due to findings and scientific studies such as these. With science came change as the proof of something measurable was paramount against the theories and teachings of some churches and leaders. Our perceptions of time and the importance of the Earth in the make-up of the universe have altered immensely.
We now know that the universe is 13.8 billion years old. Our solar system is probably 4-5 billion years old and that Earth is definitely not at the centre of the universe. So how did the concept of time change? And what has it done for our societies?
A simple example given to us as the life span of Earth and humans relative to the big bang exists in University of Rochester’s detailed Department of Physics and Astronomy website.
“If we compress the time since the Big Bang into one year, and make the time of the Big Bang January 1, then the Earth was formed in mid-September. The mammals would arrive just after Christmas (25 December) and all of human prehistory (from the first known stone tools) and current history have occurred in the last 1/2 hour of New Year’s Eve.”
Creationists have fought hard against the big bang theory and evolution – They have taught that the Earth is 6000 years old, that Earth is at the centre of the universe and man was created by the power of God. Throughout time there have been many ideas and beliefs over the creation of the cosmos. Creation stories all have similar backgrounds. The Hebrews, for example, believed the universe was created by God in 6 days, beginning from a formless void.
In the twenty-first century things have changed. The research from ‘Opinions on evolution from ten countries July 2nd, 2009, National Center for Science Education’ and the BBC’s Survey, “On The Origins Of Life” recorded figures in areas such as Canada, India, Norway and the U.K. 48% and above of the population believe in evolution and the big bang theory.
According to a 2007 Gallup poll, about 43% of Americans believe that “God created human beings pretty much in their present form at one time within the last 10,000 years or so.”
Time, being a human construct, is a difficult thing to define, yet it provides us with a framework to live by. In 2014 we know now that we as a species have been in existence for a frightfully short period of time in the bigger scale of things.
Bill Nye, “The Science Guy”, also made his feelings known about creationists. He stated that he believed the creationist view “threaten science education and innovations in The United States.” Schools have undergone changes due to the discoveries of science. People for the American Way polled 1500 North Americans about the teaching of evolution and creation in 1999. The results showed that 29% believed that creationism can be discussed in class as a belief, not a scientific theory. Twenty percent believed only evolution should be taught in public schools.
Humans were seen as the superior being across the galaxies, a chosen people, just a few hundred years ago. Times are changing; excuse the pun, yet our importance shouldn’t be underestimated due to further knowledge, says the famous astrophysicist Dr Neil Degrasse Tyson. He speaks of our worthiness in our universe,
“When I look up at the night sky, I know that we are a part of this universe, we are in this universe, but perhaps most important than both of those facts, is that the universe is in us. Many people look up and feel small as the universe is so big. Yet, I feel big because my atoms came from those stars. There is a level of connectivity. That’s really what you want from life, you want to feel connected. You want to feel relevant. That’s precisely what you are, just by being alive.”
Eight thousand out of the estimated 60 000 Delhi homeless, received their election identity cards on the 10th of April, 2014. For the first time in India’s history, the homeless can vote. Eight hundred and fourteen million people are eligible to vote, making it the world’s largest election to date, according to the BBC.
The election identity cards can open a bank account, allow free train services and cooking gas connections. Do the homeless in South Africa have the same benefits? Will the South African homeless vote in the upcoming elections on the 7th of May, 2014? Anthony Molyneaux heads out to the streets of Cape Town to figure out how the homeless feel about voting 20 years after democracy.
“The homeless are very eager to go and vote because they feel it is their democratic right. Particularly our black and coloured residents, they feel a little more encouraged to vote as it’s a practice they weren’t allowed before,” states Jerry Louw, manager at The Haven Night Shelter in Greenpoint in Cape Town.
The Haven’s vision, “No one should have to live on our streets,” lines their business card and Jerry has been involved in homeless shelters since 2003. “You do pick up that some people feel they aren’t accounted for and some feel, look what’s the point, I’m homeless, what’s the point of voting? But it’s misguided and we try and help them with information.”
The large cool cemented floors lead the way through the shelter. AB, a 30-something-year-old man with dark circles around his eyes and a slow drawl guides me through the bare halls of the residence where 100 otherwise-homeless people sleep. A large open plan eating area leads to the outdoor courtyard where a dozen of the residents are scattered in various reclined positions, one of the residents shifts his mangled mattress out of the sun.
AB is the field worker for Haven Night Shelter. His job is to hit the streets, locate homeless people and inform them about the options the city makes available to them.
The Haven has rehabilitative programmes in place to assist the residents. They’re assisted in gaining their Identity Documents [ID] in order to vote, a prerequisite to take part in the upcoming elections. They are also helped by social workers like Lucia Peterson in overcoming their troubles which include domestic violence and drug abuse.
“Yes, of course I’m voting,” Denise Nel, a 40-something-year-old lady, still in her narrow bed, states happily. She has been working in an initiative setup by Patricia de Lille for homeless people. “We’re being paid to clean the streets at night and I’ve been staying here [the Haven] for 6 months but I feel great because I’ve got a job. A lot of people here at Haven will go vote and I’m grateful for the government and the shelter for getting me a job and helping me.”
Haven gains its funding from the city of Cape Town and the National Lottery. Donations by large shopping chains allows the residents to eat fresh produce from nearby grocery stores. This is appreciated by most residents I speak with at the shelter and is one of the common reasons that lead to the general enthusiasm for voting.
But what about those even less fortunate? Those on the streets that cannot get a bed in a shelter as there are no vacancies (these shelters have a slow turnover and can only accommodate 95 people per night), no money (a bed costs R10 a night) or no assistance? Are they also excited about voting?
The 5 cent meal service offered in Cape Town’s city bowl is visited by predominantly homeless people; the people who don’t have the benefits of the shelters. The grassy patch opposite the brick-faced building is spotted with countless groups of ragged looking individuals waiting for their lunch.
Alwyn Pieterson, clad in a reflector vest and tattered brown jeans sits in the shade of a grocery store sign waiting for his first, and probably last, meal of the day. “A guy was stabbed here last year while in line. He tried to push in and was stabbed to death. But don’t worry you can still go, there’s a security guard here now,” he states with a mischievous grin.
“I’m not voting because I don’t have an ID.” Upon asking why he doesn’t try to get one he sneers, “I lost it when I first came to Cape Town. Now it costs me R270 to get my ID, I don’t have money for that.” Checking on the Department of Home Affairs website, a re-issuing of an ID actually costs R140 ($14) but this is still a lot of money for a man literally on the street.
A group of three sitting on the sun-laden grass embankment are not voting either. “We don’t have ID’s and don’t have money to get one.” When questioned what they think about the elections, the young lady named Lesley, lying against her boyfriend’s chest, barks “They’re corrupt. They promise things and don’t deliver. They’re racist and don’t care about us.” The group all nods in agreement.
A hard looking man with jail tattoos along his right arm sits in the shade of a small palm tree. His eyes stare toward the distant mountain. He too is not voting as he has no ID and has no motivation to get one.
Except for a few vague comments of racism and corruption, there seems to be a general knowledge of the importance of their vote. It seems the problem for the homeless, in terms of voting, isn’t apathy or indifference as much it is a lack of money and/or services. The homeless outside of the shelters require IDs, IDs require money and they have neither.
The issue is not so much in whether the South African homeless vote or not, it’s whether they have the facilities and funds to vote. For a lucky few in shelters like the Haven, assistance with funding for IDs and eliminating technicalities motivates the homeless to vote.
The majority on the street however, have no assistance. They can survive by the generosity of 5c meals yet when R140 is needed to attain an ID, this proves to be too much. Why would they save the R10 they’ve scrounged for the whole day to pay for an ID? The thought of voting gets lost in their survival from day to day.
Many homeless living on the streets will miss out on the opportunity to lay down their mark but not due to their perception of being let down by government. It is because they don’t have the resources to get what they need to vote. A larger social issue is raised. The shelters are progressing and rehabilitating the homeless but do we have enough shelters for our ever growing homeless, ‘voteless’ people?
India has introduced the free of charge election identity document for their less fortunate. Perhaps this idea, implemented in South Africa in election years, might assist in the voting of the large number of homeless people who go otherwise unnoticed and unaccounted for.
By Anthony Molyneaux
With Independent Media shutting down it’s printing presses on the 31st March 2014, the reality of newspapers dying out is now the latest addition that is falling on our doorstep.
Cape Town Printers in Parow has now taken over the printing of established names such as the Cape Argus and the Cape Times after the cessation of Independent Medias printing press. The rolling pages of print rush by with purpose, producing 30,000 newspaper prints in less than two hours. The entire process is beautiful to watch and efficient. Yet their efficiency is now compared to that of a click of a button. The newspaper world seems to be in an ancient state when compared.
Devin Moss, the cost accountant at CTP, still believes there is more staying power in the newspaper industry than it is given credit for. “Community newspapers and free newspapers, where the companies are getting their revenue from advertising and not from the sale of the newspapers, is still expanding in many areas,” states Moss.
All over Cape Town, newspapers are cradled by the elderly while the youth cradle hand-held devices. The times are changing and the differences are visible everywhere you look. Are the youth still interested in newspapers?
Catherine Clery, a student from Los Angeles, working in Cape Town says she would read through a newspaper if it was freely available on the street yet wouldn’t go out of her way to purchase a newspaper.
Ray de Freitas, a 24 year old soccer coach from Cape Town also doesn’t buy into the newspaper market and says its far easier to access news from his phone.
Are newspapers becoming a thing of the past, much like bell bottoms and Blockbuster? Or will they stay around serving communities as they have for so long.